About Shah JahanShah Jahan, born on 5th January 1592 was the son of Jahangir and the fifth Mughal Emperor. His reign Was over southern Asia from 1628 to 1658. His reign has been called the Golden Age of the Mughal Also most prosperous once of Indian Civilization. He was the founder of the new royal capital called Shahjahanabad which is presently known as Old Delhi.
He was known to be an astute military leader and as well as a skilled and talented builder. There are Proofs of his exceptional building talent present till date in India. The most popular example is the Majestic Taj Mahal, Agra built for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. There were many other splendid Monuments built by him. Some of them are the Agra Fort (Rebuilt by Shahjahan) and Moti Masjid in Agra, the Jama Masjid and Red Fort in Delhi, Diwan-i-am and Diwan-I-khas in the Red Fort in Delhi, etc. It is also believed that he commissioned 777 gardens in Kashmir, which was his favorite residence during Summer season. His building talent has earned the title of â€śThe Builder of the Marvelsâ€ť for him.
In his reign the empire became militarily strong. The noble and the army increased by four times. He Was very careful in the financial and commercial measures which were the reason for the empireâ€™s General stability and the administration was wholly centralized and systemized. Also during his reign India became the biggest and richest centre of arts, crafts and architecture. The famous pea sock throne Of Shahjahan was studded with rubies, sapphires and emerald which made the tail shine as of the live peacock.
It is said that Shahjahanâ€™s marriage marked the beginning of some important events in his life. He was Betrothed to Arjumand Banu Begum who was the granddaughter of the Persian Noble. It is believed That Arjumand became the eternal love of his life. Her appearance and character was elite among all the Women of that time. Because of this Shahjahan gave her the title of Mumtaz Mahal that means â€śJewel of the Palaceâ€ť. Shahjahanâ€™s Love, affection, attention and intimacy for Mumtaz was limitless. The love That he felt for Mumtaz was far greater than the love he felt for any of his other wives or all the love for Materialistic wealth. And also he knew that there would be nobody so special after her in his life. So, he Was willing to squander away everything his possess only to build a memorial that would commemorate The unearthly passion that he felt for Mumtaz Mahal.
He was very keen in expanding his empire but unfortunately he fell ill and was imprisoned in Agra Fort By his son Badshah Aurangzeb. He fell ill with strangury and dysentery and died in 1666. His first daughter princess Jahanara organized a state funeral followed by important nobles and notable Citizens of Agra. The officials scattered coins for the poor people. His body was washed according to Islamic rites in by a river in a sandalwood coffin and was taken to Taj Mahal and was buried next to the Body of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.
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